The word food is derived from the Latin verb meaning to eat. In today’s cultural context, food is defined as prepared living beings used to provide nutrition to humans. Food is generally of animal, plant or both origin, and comprises necessary nutrients, including proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, or minerals for human nutrition. Humans are totally dependent on food for their survival and well being. Some people may eat food in large quantities every day and others may not consume food in a regular manner.
Food, like most other substances, consists of elements that can be split into two categories. These categories are organic food, which means food that is created by plants or animals and does not include food obtained by means of technology or scientific processes. Proteins in food can be classified into two categories: animal protein and plant protein. Fruits and vegetables are examples of organic food.
Food can be classified further according to the proportions that it has of nutrients in different food groups. These classifications are based on nutritional needs of humans. Foods that fall under the group of nutrient-rich foods are called staple food, while foods that fall below this group are termed less staple food. Thus, whole grains, legumes, fruits, vegetables, seeds, nuts, and other non-starchy vegetables are in the category of nutritionally rich food.
There are certain food groups that are recommended by international food guides for people to eat on a daily basis. The purpose of this is to help people get enough nutrients for maintaining healthy bodies and minds. It is also important for people to know when they are getting enough of these nutrients so that they will be able to keep their bodies and minds healthy at all times. Adequate intake of the balanced diet will aid in achieving balance in one’s lifestyle.
One of the important food groups to consider taking for diabetes is fibre. Fibre is one of the nutrients that makes up a balanced diet. It helps in the quick digestion of food and is needed for regular physical activities. Therefore, foods that have good amounts of fibre are whole grains, legumes, beans, fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts, and other non-starchy vegetables.
On the other hand, those with a poor diet habit, especially people with diabetes, should eat more fibrous foods like pulses and cereals, fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts, and legumes. It is also recommended for them to take more legumes, as studies suggest that legumes contain soluble fibre that reduces the absorption of sugar in the body. In addition, it helps in controlling the cholesterol level and hence is an important addition to the diet. It is essential for a person with diabetes to control his blood sugar levels to prevent diabetic complications.